In an advanced writing assignment, professors are looking for the student’s ability to critically use information from the classroom and provide a new spin on it. Professors are not looking for original topic questions; what is important is the quality of thought evident in handling the topic.
Develop a research question to guide your research.
In the introduction, inform the reader where you are going; include what you are arguing (your main argument) and how you are supporting it, as well as your conclusion.
Then include a literature review in which you describe what has already been done with this topic.
You must then present your argument and give a case. This must be logical and sequential, while still concise. Professors are not looking for dozens of pages. The conclusion should then be the implications of your argument.
Add something the readings in class did not cover; the professor is looking for an answer that shows your independent analysis.
One example of a common assignment is to pick a country and theorize how the political structure impacts the way the country uses a resource.